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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

(Mark One)
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2022
or
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
Commission File No. 001-03262

COMSTOCK RESOURCES, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Nevada94-1667468
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification Number)
5300 Town and Country Blvd.Suite 500FriscoTexas 75034
(Address of principal executive offices)
Telephone No.: (972668-8800

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.50 (per share)CRKNew York Stock Exchange
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes x No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).
Yes x No
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer", "smaller reporting company" and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer
Emerging growth company
Accelerated filer x

Non-accelerated

Smaller reporting company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes No x
The number of shares outstanding of the registrant's common stock, par value $0.50, as of November 2, 2022 was 233,757,678.




COMSTOCK RESOURCES, INC.
QUARTERLY REPORT
For the Quarter Ended September 30, 2022
INDEX





Page
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021
September 30, 2022 and 2021

2

















PART I — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
3



COMSTOCK RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

As of
September 30,
2022
December 31,
2021
(Unaudited)
(In thousands)
ASSETS
Cash and cash equivalents$38,648 $30,663 
Accounts receivable:
Oil and gas sales
548,979 217,149 
Joint interest operations
57,601 29,755 
From affiliates
20,758 20,834 
Derivative financial instruments2,368 5,258 
Other current assets40,470 15,077 
Total current assets
708,824 318,736 
Property and equipment:
Oil and natural gas properties, successful efforts method:
Proved
5,520,425 4,756,394 
Unproved
306,095 302,129 
Other
25,295 6,690 
Accumulated depreciation, depletion and amortization
(1,411,793)(1,058,067)
Net property and equipment
4,440,022 4,007,146 
Goodwill335,897 335,897 
Operating lease right-of-use assets99,622 6,450 
$5,584,365 $4,668,229 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
Accounts payable$617,463 $314,569 
Accrued costs150,327 135,026 
Operating leases38,024 2,444 
Derivative financial instruments285,713 181,945 
Total current liabilities
1,091,527 633,984 
Long-term debt2,261,697 2,615,235 
Deferred income taxes345,806 197,417 
Derivative financial instruments 4,042 
Long-term operating leases61,676 4,075 
Reserve for future abandonment costs29,235 25,673 
Other non-current liabilities8 24 
Total liabilities
3,789,949 3,480,450 
Commitments and contingencies
Mezzanine equity:
Series B Convertible Preferred stock — 5,000,000 shares authorized, 175,000 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
175,000 175,000 
Stockholders' equity:
Common stock—$0.50 par, 400,000,000 shares authorized, 233,757,678 and 232,924,646 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively
116,879 116,462 
Additional paid-in capital
1,098,605 1,100,359 
Accumulated earnings (deficit)403,932 (204,042)
Total stockholders' equity
1,619,416 1,012,779 
$5,584,365 $4,668,229 




The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.
4



COMSTOCK RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)


Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
2022202120222021
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
Revenues:
Natural gas sales
$994,979 $488,303 $2,376,774 $1,133,783 
Oil sales
1,936 22,873 6,324 61,571 
Total oil and gas sales
996,915 511,176 2,383,098 1,195,354 
Gas services193,090  322,575  
Total revenues1,190,005 511,176 2,705,673 1,195,354 
Operating expenses:
Production and ad valorem taxes
24,531 16,675 60,080 36,468 
Gathering and transportation
44,740 35,402 113,797 96,596 
Lease operating
28,608 26,576 79,873 77,150 
Exploration
  3,363  
Depreciation, depletion and amortization
129,065 128,739 354,994 359,313 
Gas services181,818  305,271  
General and administrative
10,165 8,052 27,451 23,952 
Gain on sale of assets (14)(21)(93)
Total operating expenses
418,927 215,430 944,808 593,386 
Operating income771,078 295,746 1,760,865 601,968 
Other income (expenses):
Loss from derivative financial instruments(271,335)(510,319)(781,654)(756,026)
Other income56 197 506 1,008 
Interest expense
(41,393)(49,954)(132,204)(170,645)
Loss on early retirement of debt
  (46,840)(352,599)
Total other expenses(312,672)(560,076)(960,192)(1,278,262)
Income (loss) before income taxes458,406 (264,330)800,673 (676,294)
(Provision for) benefit from income taxes(102,810)(23,976)(179,610)74,168 
Net income (loss)355,596 (288,306)621,063 (602,126)
Preferred stock dividends(4,411)(4,411)(13,089)(13,089)
Net income (loss) available to common stockholders$351,185 $(292,717)$607,974 $(615,215)
Net income (loss) per share:
Basic
$1.50 $(1.26)$2.61 $(2.66)
Diluted
$1.28 $(1.26)$2.24 $(2.66)
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic
232,482 231,747 232,170 231,519 
Diluted
277,715 231,747 277,605 231,519 








The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.
5



COMSTOCK RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF STOCKHOLDERS' EQUITY
(Unaudited)

Common
Shares
Common
Stock-
Par Value
Additional
Paid-in
Capital
Accumulated
Earnings (Deficit)
Total
(In thousands)
Balance at January 1, 2021232,415 $116,206 $1,095,384 $55,183 $1,266,773 
Stock-based compensation
(4)— 1,690 — 1,690 
Stock issuance costs— — (30)— (30)
Net loss— — — (134,125)(134,125)
Payment of preferred dividends— — — (4,315)(4,315)
Balance at March 31, 2021232,411 $116,206 $1,097,044 $(83,257)$1,129,993 
Stock-based compensation
472 235 1,564 — 1,799 
Income tax withholdings on equity awards(33)(16)(182)— (198)
Stock issuance costs— — (126)— (126)
Net loss— — — (179,695)(179,695)
Payment of preferred dividends— — — (4,363)(4,363)
Balance at June 30, 2021232,850 $116,425 $1,098,300 $(267,315)$947,410 
Stock-based compensation298 149 1,653 — 1,802 
Income tax withholdings on equity awards(223)(112)(1,102)— (1,214)
Net loss— — — (288,306)(288,306)
Payment of preferred dividends— — — (4,411)(4,411)
Balance at September 30, 2021232,925 $116,462 $1,098,851 $(560,032)$655,281 
Balance at January 1, 2022232,925 $116,462 $1,100,359 $(204,042)$1,012,779 
Stock-based compensation
(3)(1)1,496 — 1,495 
Income tax withholdings on equity awards
(2)(1)(17)— (18)
Net loss— — — (111,424)(111,424)
Payment of preferred dividends
— — — (4,315)(4,315)
Balance at March 31, 2022232,920 $116,460 $1,101,838 $(319,781)$898,517 
Stock-based compensation
304 151 1,429 — 1,580 
Income tax withholdings on equity awards
(65)(32)(1,314)— (1,346)
Net income— — — 376,891 376,891 
Payment of preferred dividends
— — — (4,363)(4,363)
Balance at June 30, 2022233,159 $116,579 $1,101,953 $52,747 $1,271,279 
Stock-based compensation849 425 1,418 — 1,843 
Income tax withholdings on equity awards(250)(125)(4,766)— (4,891)
Net income— — — 355,596 355,596 
Payment of preferred dividends— — — (4,411)(4,411)
Balance at September 30, 2022233,758 $116,879 $1,098,605 $403,932 $1,619,416 







The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.
6



COMSTOCK RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)


Nine Months Ended September 30,
20222021
(In thousands)
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:
Net income (loss)$621,063 $(602,126)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
Deferred income taxes
148,389 (84,942)
Gain on sale of assets(21)(93)
Depreciation, depletion and amortization
354,994 359,313 
Loss on derivative financial instruments781,654 756,026 
Cash settlements of derivative financial instruments
(679,038)(145,262)
Amortization of debt discount and issuance costs
8,542 17,587 
Stock-based compensation
4,918 5,291 
Loss on early retirement of debt
46,840 352,599 
Increase in accounts receivable(359,600)(97,379)
(Increase) decrease in other current assets(25,214)850 
Increase in accounts payable and accrued expenses301,956 56,689 
Net cash provided by operating activities1,204,483 618,553 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:
Capital expenditures and acquisitions
(768,327)(508,051)
Proceeds from sales of assets
93 261 
Net cash used for investing activities(768,234)(507,790)
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:
Borrowings on bank credit facility
705,000 275,000 
Repayments of bank credit facility
(840,000)(350,000)
Issuance of Senior Notes 2,222,500 
Retirement of Senior Notes
(273,920)(2,210,626)
Preferred stock dividends paid
(13,089)(13,089)
Debt and stock issuance costs
 (35,567)
Income tax withholdings on equity awards
(6,255)(1,412)
Net cash used for financing activities(428,264)(113,194)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents7,985 (2,431)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
30,663 30,272 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$38,648 $27,841 












The accompanying notes are an integral part of these statements.
7



COMSTOCK RESOURCES, INC. AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
September 30, 2022
(Unaudited)
(1) SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES –
Basis of Presentation
These unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Comstock Resources, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries (collectively, "Comstock" or the "Company"). In management's opinion, the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments necessary to present fairly the financial position of Comstock as of September 30, 2022, and the related results of operations and cash flows for the periods being presented. Net income and comprehensive income are the same in all periods presented. All adjustments are of a normal recurring nature unless otherwise disclosed.
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Certain information and disclosures normally included in annual financial statements prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States have been omitted pursuant to those rules and regulations, although Comstock believes that the disclosures made are adequate to make the information presented not misleading. These unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and notes thereto included in Comstock's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021. The results of operations for the period through September 30, 2022 are not necessarily an indication of the results expected for the full year.
Other Current Assets
Other current assets at September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021 consisted of the following:
As of
September 30,
2022
December 31, 2021
(In thousands)
Pipe inventory$30,588 $5,015 
Production tax refunds receivable7,084 7,879 
Prepaid expenses1,865 2,183 
Accrued treating and transportation fees933  
$40,470 $15,077 
Property and Equipment
The Company follows the successful efforts method of accounting for its oil and natural gas properties. Costs incurred to acquire oil and gas leases and to drill and complete developmental wells are capitalized.
Exploratory well costs are initially capitalized as proved property in the consolidated balance sheets but charged to exploration expense if and when the well is determined not to have found commercial proved oil and gas reserves. The changes in capitalized exploratory well costs are as follows:
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
20222022
(In thousands)
Beginning capitalized exploratory project costs$9,771 $6,966 
Additions to exploratory project costs pending the determination of proved reserves20,144 50,541 
Determined to have found proved reserves (27,592)
Ending capitalized exploratory project costs$29,915 $29,915 
8



As of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the Company had no exploratory wells for which costs have been capitalized for a period greater than one year.
The Company assesses the need for an impairment of the capitalized costs for its proved oil and gas properties on a property basis. No impairments were recognized to adjust the carrying value of the Company's proved oil and gas properties during any of the periods presented. Unproved oil and gas properties are also periodically assessed and any impairment in value is charged to expense. The costs related to unproved properties are transferred to proved oil and gas properties and amortized on an equivalent unit-of-production basis when they are reflected in proved oil and natural gas reserves.
The Company determines the fair values of its oil and gas properties using a discounted cash flow model and proved and risk-adjusted probable oil and natural gas reserves. Undrilled acreage can also be valued based on sales transactions in comparable areas. Significant Level 3 assumptions associated with the calculation of discounted future cash flows included in the cash flow model include management's outlook for oil and natural gas prices, production costs, capital expenditures, and future production as well as estimated proved oil and gas reserves and risk-adjusted probable oil and natural gas reserves. Management's oil and natural gas price outlook is developed based on third-party longer-term price forecasts as of each measurement date. The expected future net cash flows are discounted using an appropriate discount rate in determining a property's fair value.
It is reasonably possible that the Company's estimates of undiscounted future net cash flows attributable to its oil and gas properties may change in the future. The primary factors that may affect estimates of future cash flows include future adjustments, both positive and negative, to proved and appropriate risk-adjusted probable oil and gas reserves, results of future drilling activities, future prices for oil and natural gas, and increases or decreases in production and capital costs. As a result of these changes, there may be future impairments in the carrying values of these or other properties.
Goodwill
The Company had goodwill of $335.9 million as of September 30, 2022 that was recorded in 2018. The Company is not required to amortize goodwill as a charge to earnings; however, the Company is required to conduct an annual review of goodwill for impairment. The Company performs an annual assessment of goodwill on October 1 of each year and performs interim assessments if indicators of impairment are present. If the carrying value of goodwill exceeds the fair value, an impairment charge would be recorded for the difference between fair value and carrying value.
Leases
The Company has right-of-use lease assets of $99.6 million related to its corporate office, certain office equipment, vehicles and a hydraulic fracturing fleet used to complete natural gas wells with corresponding short-term and long-term liabilities. The value of the lease assets and liabilities are determined based upon discounted future minimum cash flows contained within each of the respective contracts. The Company determines if contracts contain a lease at inception of the contract. To the extent that contract terms representing a lease are identified, leases are identified as being either an operating lease or a finance-type lease. Comstock currently has no finance-type leases. Right-of-use lease assets representing the Company's right to use an underlying asset for the lease term and the related lease liabilities represent our obligation to make lease payments under the terms of the contracts. Short-term leases that have an initial term of one year or less are not capitalized; however, amounts paid for those leases are included as part of its lease cost disclosures. Short-term lease costs exclude expenses related to leases with a lease term of one month or less. Leases for the right to explore for and develop oil and natural gas reserves and the related rights to use the land associated with those leases are reflected as oil and gas properties.
Comstock contracts for a variety of equipment used in its oil and natural gas exploration and development activities. Contract terms for this equipment vary broadly, including the contract duration, pricing, scope of services included along with the equipment, cancellation terms, and rights of substitution, among others. The Company's drilling and completion operations routinely change due to changes in commodity prices, demand for oil and natural gas, and the overall operating and economic environment. Accordingly, Comstock manages the terms of its contracts for drilling rigs and completion equipment so as to allow for maximum flexibility in responding to these changing conditions. In April 2022, the Company took delivery of a natural gas powered hydraulic fracturing fleet, which has been leased with a three year term. The Company's other hydraulic fracturing fleet contracts are on terms less than one year and include rights of substitution. The Company's drilling rig contracts are presently either for periods of less than one year, or they are on terms that provide for cancellation with 45 days advance notice without a specified expiration date. The Company has elected not to recognize right-of-use lease assets for contracts less than one year. The costs associated with drilling and completion operations are accounted for under the successful efforts method, which generally require that these costs be capitalized as part of our proved oil and natural gas properties on our balance sheet unless they are incurred on exploration wells that are unsuccessful, in which case they are charged to exploration expense.
9



Lease costs recognized during the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 were as follows:
Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
2022202120222021
(In thousands)
Operating lease cost included in general and administrative expense$436 $435 $1,307 $1,299 
Operating lease cost included in lease operating expense370 218 970 640 
Operating lease cost included in proved oil and gas properties9,450  15,750  
Variable lease cost (completion costs included in proved oil and gas properties)11,730  22,857  
Short-term operating lease cost (drilling rig costs included in proved oil and gas properties)16,102 8,239 44,242 27,482 
$38,088 $8,892 $85,126 $29,421 
Cash payments for operating leases associated with right-of-use assets included in cash provided by operating activities were $0.8 million and $0.7 million for the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $2.3 million and $1.9 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Cash payments for operating leases associated with right-of-use assets included in cash used for investing activities were $37.3 million and $8.2 million for the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively, and $82.8 million and $27.5 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
As of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, the operating leases had a weighted-average term of 2.5 years and 2.7 years, respectively, and the weighted-average discount rate used to determine the present value of future operating lease payments was 3.5% and 2.7%, respectively. As of September 30, 2022, the Company also had expected future payments for contracted drilling services of $16.0 million.
As of September 30, 2022, expected future payments related to contracts that contain operating leases were as follows:
(In thousands)
October 1 to December 31, 2022$10,279 
202340,810 
202440,412 
202512,830 
202682 
Thereafter17 
Total lease payments
104,430 
Imputed interest(4,730)
Total lease liability$99,700 
Accrued Costs
Accrued costs at September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021 consisted of the following:
As of
September 30,
2022
December 31, 2021
(In thousands)
Accrued income and other taxes$56,388 $15,655 
Accrued drilling costs36,197 19,995 
Accrued transportation costs27,690 22,859 
Accrued interest payable19,861 60,305 
Accrued employee compensation6,529 12,320 
Accrued lease operating expenses1,636 2,036 
Other2,026 1,856 
$150,327 $135,026 
10



Reserve for Future Abandonment Costs
Comstock's asset retirement obligations relate to future plugging and abandonment expenses on its oil and gas properties and disposal of other facilities. The following table summarizes the changes in Comstock's total estimated liability for such obligations during the periods presented:
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
20222021
(In thousands)
Reserve for future abandonment costs at beginning of period$25,673 $19,290 
New wells placed on production
1,251 1,666 
Acquisitions1,211  
Liabilities settled and assets disposed of
(29)(6)
Accretion expense
1,129 917 
Reserve for future abandonment costs at end of period$29,235 $21,867 
Derivative Financial Instruments and Hedging Activities
All of the Company's derivative financial instruments are used for risk management purposes and, by policy, none are held for trading or speculative purposes. Comstock minimizes credit risk to counterparties of its derivative financial instruments through formal credit policies, monitoring procedures, and diversification. The Company is not required to provide any credit support to its counterparties other than cross collateralization with the assets securing its bank credit facility. None of the Company's derivative financial instruments involve payment or receipt of premiums. The Company classifies the fair value amounts of derivative financial instruments as net current or noncurrent assets or liabilities, whichever the case may be, by commodity contract. None of the Company's derivative contracts were designated as cash flow hedges. All of Comstock's natural gas derivative financial instruments, except for certain basis swaps, are tied to the Henry Hub-NYMEX price index. 
The Company had the following oil and natural gas price derivative financial instruments at September 30, 2022:
Future Production Period
Three Months Ending December 31, 2022Year Ending December 31, 2023Total
Natural Gas Swap Contracts:
Volume (MMBtu)29,440,000  29,440,000 
Average Price per MMBtu$2.68 $2.68 
Natural Gas Collar Contracts:
Volume (MMBtu)33,580,000 128,925,000 162,505,000 
Average Price per MMBtu:
Average Ceiling$3.91 $9.85 $8.62 
Average Floor$2.62 $2.98 $2.91 
Natural Gas Basis Swap Contracts:
Volume (MMBtu)2,760,000 (1) 2,760,000 (1)
Average Price per MMBtu($0.16)($0.16)
_____________________________
(1)Contracts fix the differentials between NYMEX Henry Hub and the Columbia Gulf Mainline indices.


11



The classification of derivative financial instruments of assets or liabilities, consists of the following:
As of
TypeConsolidated Balance Sheet LocationSeptember 30,
2022
December 31, 2021
(In thousands)
Asset Derivative Financial Instruments:
Natural gas price derivativesDerivative Financial Instruments  – current$2,368 $4,528 
Oil price derivativesDerivative Financial Instruments  – current 730 
$2,368 $5,258 
Liability Derivative Financial Instruments:
Natural gas price derivativesDerivative Financial Instruments  – current$285,713 $181,215 
Oil price derivativesDerivative Financial Instruments  – current 730 
$285,713 $181,945 
Natural gas price derivativesDerivative Financial Instruments  – long-term$ $4,042 
The Company recognized cash settlements and changes in the fair value of its derivative financial instruments as a single component of other income (expenses). Gains and losses related to cash settlements and changes in the fair value recognized on the Company's derivative contracts recognized in the consolidated statement of operations were as follows:
Loss on Derivatives
Recognized in Earnings
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
2022202120222021
(In thousands)
Natural gas price derivatives$(271,335)$(509,777)$(781,654)$(748,499)
Oil price derivatives (287) (7,820)
Interest rate derivatives (255) 293 
$(271,335)$(510,319)$(781,654)$(756,026)
Stock-Based Compensation
Comstock accounts for employee stock-based compensation under the fair value method. Compensation cost is measured at the grant date based on the fair value of the award and is recognized over the award vesting period and included in general and administrative expenses for awards of restricted stock and performance stock units ("PSUs") to the Company's employees and directors. The Company recognized $1.8 million of stock-based compensation expense within general and administrative expenses related to awards of restricted stock and PSUs to its employees and directors during the three months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, and $4.9 million and $5.3 million for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021, respectively.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2022, the Company granted an aggregate of 618,382 shares of restricted stock to its directors and employees. The weighted average grant date value of the 2022 awards were $17.74 per share. As of September 30, 2022, Comstock had 956,649 shares of unvested restricted stock outstanding at a weighted average grant date fair value of $13.33 per share. Total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested restricted stock grants of $11.6 million as of September 30, 2022 is expected to be recognized over a period of 2.5 years.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2022, the Company granted an aggregate of 223,004 PSUs to its executive officers with a weighted average grant date value of $26.07 per unit. As of September 30, 2022, Comstock had 628,845 PSUs outstanding with a weighted average grant date fair value of $14.52 per unit. The number of shares of common stock to be issued related to the PSUs is based on the Company's stock price performance as compared to its peers which could result in the issuance of anywhere from zero to 1,257,690 shares of common stock. Total unrecognized compensation cost related to these grants of $6.6 million as of September 30, 2022 is expected to be recognized over a period of 2.4 years.

12



Revenue Recognition
Comstock produces oil and natural gas and reports revenues separately for each of these two primary products in its statements of operations. Revenues are recognized upon the transfer of produced volumes to the Company's customers, who take control of the volumes and receive all the benefits of ownership upon delivery at designated sales points. Payment is reasonably assured upon delivery of production. All sales are subject to contracts that have commercial substance, contain specific pricing terms, and define the enforceable rights and obligations of both parties. These contracts typically provide for cash settlement within 25 days following each production month and are cancellable upon 30 days' notice by either party for oil and vary for natural gas based upon the terms set out in the confirmations between both parties. Prices for sales of oil and natural gas are generally based upon terms that are common in the oil and gas industry, including index or spot prices, location and quality differentials, as well as market supply and demand conditions. As a result, prices for oil and natural gas routinely fluctuate based on changes in these factors. Each unit of production (barrel of crude oil and thousand cubic feet of natural gas) represents a separate performance obligation under the Company's contracts since each unit has economic benefit on its own and each is priced separately according to the terms of the contracts.
Comstock has elected to exclude all taxes from the measurement of transaction prices, and its revenues are reported net of royalties and exclude revenue interests owned by others because the Company acts as an agent when selling crude oil and natural gas, on behalf of royalty owners and working interest owners. Revenue is recorded in the month of production based on an estimate of the Company's share of volumes produced and prices realized. The Company recognizes any differences between estimates and actual amounts received in the month when payment is received. Historically, differences between estimated revenues and actual revenue received have not been significant. The amount of oil or natural gas sold may differ from the amount to which the Company is entitled based on its revenue interests in the properties. The Company did not have any significant imbalance positions at September 30, 2022. Sales of oil and natural gas generally occur at or near the wellhead. When sales of oil and gas occur at locations other than the wellhead, the Company accounts for costs incurred to transport the production to the delivery point as gathering and transportation expenses. 
Gas services revenues represent sales of natural gas purchased for resale and fees received for gathering and treating services provided to unaffiliated third parties. The Company recognizes gas services revenues at the time the performance obligations have been fulfilled.
The Company recognized accounts receivable for oil and gas sales of $549.0 million as of September 30, 2022 from purchasers for contracts where performance obligations have been satisfied and an unconditional right to consideration exists.
Credit Losses
Substantially all of the Company's accounts receivable are due from either purchasers of oil and gas or participants in oil and gas wells for which the Company serves as the operator. Generally, operators of oil and gas wells have the right to offset future revenues against unpaid charges related to operated wells. Oil and gas sales are generally unsecured. Comstock assesses the collectability of its receivables based upon their age, the credit quality of the purchaser or participant and the potential for revenue offset. The Company has not had any significant credit losses in the past and believes its accounts receivable are fully collectible. Accordingly, no allowance for doubtful accounts has been recorded for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021.
Income Taxes
Deferred income taxes are provided to reflect the future tax consequences or benefits of differences between the tax basis of assets and liabilities and their reported amounts in the financial statements using enacted tax rates.
In recording deferred income tax assets, the Company considers whether it is more likely than not that its deferred income tax assets will be realized in the future. The ultimate realization of deferred income tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those deferred income tax assets would be deductible. The Company believes that after considering all the available objective evidence, historical and prospective, with greater weight given to historical evidence, management is not able to determine that it is more likely than not that all of its deferred tax assets will be realized. As a result, the Company established valuation allowances for its deferred tax assets and U.S. federal and state net operating loss carryforwards that are not expected to be utilized due to the uncertainty of generating taxable income prior to the expiration of the carryforward periods. The Company will continue to assess the valuation allowances against deferred tax assets considering all available information obtained in future periods.
13



The following is an analysis of the consolidated income tax provision (benefit):
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
2022202120222021
(In thousands)
Current - Federal$10,001 $ $11,400 $ 
Current - State14,749 7,637 19,821 10,774 
Deferred - Federal66,732 (12,971)124,600 (105,934)
Deferred - State11,328 29,310 23,789 20,992 
$102,810 $23,976 $179,610 $(74,168)
The difference between the federal statutory rate of 21% and the effective tax rate is due to the following:
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
2022202120222021
Tax at statutory rate21.0 %21.0 %21.0 %21.0 %
Tax effect of:
Valuation allowance on deferred tax assets(4.1)(58.3)(4.0)(13.3)
State income taxes, net of federal benefit
5.8 (14.0)5.6 (4.7)
Nondeductible stock-based compensation
(0.2)(0.9)(0.1)(0.3)
Change in state tax law 43.1  8.3 
Other
(0.1)   
Effective tax rate22.4 %(9.1)%22.5 %11.0 %
  
The Company's federal income tax returns for the years subsequent to December 31, 2017 remain subject to examination. The Company's income tax returns in major state income tax jurisdictions remain subject to examination for various periods subsequent to December 31, 2018. The Company currently believes that all other significant filing positions are highly certain and that all of its other significant income tax positions and deductions would be sustained under audit or the final resolution would not have a material effect on the consolidated financial statements. Therefore, the Company has not established any significant reserves for uncertain tax positions.
Fair Value Measurements
The Company holds or has held certain financial assets and liabilities that are required to be measured at fair value. These include cash and cash equivalents held in bank accounts and derivative financial instruments. Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. A three-level hierarchy is followed for disclosure to show the extent and level of judgment used to estimate fair value measurements:
Level 1 — Inputs used to measure fair value are unadjusted quoted prices that are available in active markets for the identical assets or liabilities as of the reporting date.
Level 2 — Inputs used to measure fair value, other than quoted prices included in Level 1, are either directly or indirectly observable as of the reporting date through correlation with market data, including quoted prices for similar assets and liabilities in active markets and quoted prices in markets that are not active. Level 2 also includes assets and liabilities that are valued using models or other pricing methodologies that do not require significant judgment since the input assumptions used in the models, such as interest rates and volatility factors, are corroborated by readily observable data from actively quoted markets for substantially the full term of the financial instrument.
Level 3 — Inputs used to measure fair value are unobservable inputs that are supported by little or no market activity and reflect the use of significant management judgment. These values are generally determined using pricing models for which the assumptions utilize management's estimates of market participant assumptions.
14



In 2021, the Company had natural gas price swaption agreements that were measured at fair value using a third party pricing service, categorized as a Level 3 measurement. The following is a reconciliation of the beginning and ending balances for derivative instruments using Level 3 measurements in the fair value hierarchy:
Nine Months Ended
September 30, 2021
(In thousands)
Balance at beginning of year$(22,588)
Total loss included in earnings(113,018)
Settlements, net21,881 
Transfers out of Level 3(6,418)
Balance at end of period$(120,143)
Fair Values – Reported
The following presents the carrying amounts and the fair values of the Company's financial instruments as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021:
As of
September 30, 2022December 31, 2021
Carrying ValueFair ValueCarrying ValueFair Value
Assets:(In thousands)
Commodity-based derivatives (1)
$2,368 $2,368 $5,258 $5,258 
Liabilities:
Commodity-based derivatives (1)
$285,713 $285,713 $185,987 $185,987 
Bank credit facility (2)
$100,000 $100,000 $235,000 $235,000 
7.5% senior notes due 2025 (3)
$ $ $196,998 $248,066 
6.75% senior notes due 2029 (3)
$1,230,037 $1,129,029 $1,256,874 $1,337,500 
5.875% senior notes due 2030 (3)
$965,000 $837,138 $965,000 $989,125 
_____________________________
(1)The Company's commodity-based derivatives are classified as Level 2 and measured at fair value using third party pricing services and other active markets or broker quotes that are readily available in the public markets.
(2)The carrying value of our floating rate debt outstanding approximates fair value.
(3)The fair value of the Company's fixed rate debt was based on quoted prices as of September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively, a Level 1 measurement.
Earnings Per Share
Unvested restricted stock containing non-forfeitable rights to dividends are included in common stock outstanding and are considered to be participating securities and included in the computation of basic and diluted earnings per share pursuant to the two-class method. At September 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, 956,649 and 952,971 shares of restricted stock, respectively, are included in common stock outstanding as such shares have a non-forfeitable right to participate in any dividends that might be declared and have the right to vote on matters submitted to the Company's stockholders.
Weighted average shares of unvested restricted stock outstanding were as follows:
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
2022202120222021
(In thousands)
Unvested restricted stock890 1,148 914 1,092 
PSUs represent the right to receive a number of shares of the Company's common stock that may range from zero to up to two times the number of PSUs granted on the award date based on the achievement of certain performance measures during a performance period. The number of potentially dilutive shares related to PSUs is based on the number of shares, if any,
15



which would be issuable at the end of the respective period, assuming that date was the end of the performance period. The treasury stock method is used to measure the dilutive effect of PSUs.
Weighted average unearned PSUs outstanding were as follows:
Three Months Ended
September 30,
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
2022202120222021
(In thousands, except per unit amounts)
Weighted average PSUs942 1,204 1,024 1,178 
Weighted average grant date fair value per unit$14.52 $8.11 $14.52 $8.11 
Basic and diluted income (loss) per share for the three months and nine months ended September 30, 2022 and 2021 were determined as follows:
Three Months Ended September 30,
20222021
IncomeSharesPer ShareLossSharesPer Share
(In thousands, except per share amounts)
Net income (loss) attributable to common stock$351,185 $(292,717)
Income allocable to unvested restricted shares(1,339) 
Basic income (loss) attributable to common stock349,846 232,482 $1.50 (292,717)231,747 $(1.26)
Effect of Dilutive Securities:
Restricted stock1,339 392   
Performance stock units 1,091   
Convertible preferred stock4,411